Johann Sebastian Bach, 1685-1750
Keyboard Concerto No. 1 in D-minor, BWV 1052, c. 1737-1739
The history of the keyboard concerto begins several decades before the wide adoption of the piano. While the “fortepiano” begin to significantly displace the harpsichord only in the 1780’s, keyboard concerti intended for organ or harpsichord date back to the early 1720’s, primarily from two celebrated German Baroque composers, Georg Frideric Handel and Johann Sebastian Bach. Where Handel wrote for organ, Bach wrote for the harpsichord, proving the first pioneer in the genre with the Fifth Brandenburg Concerto written no later than 1721.
Probably during a two-year period from 1737–39, Bach hand-copied an album of keyboard concerti he most likely intended to use for performances at the Leipzig Collegium Musicum, a university and community based orchestra and performance society for which he was director for a decade. « more »