|Maurice Ravel (1875-1937)
Le Tombeau de Couperin (Wind Quintet)(for flute, oboe, clarinet, horn and bassoon)
Composed between 1914-1919, when Ravel was around 39-44 years old
15 minutes (approximately)
Transcription for wind quintet
- Forlane, Forlana—A traditional dance from France via Italy that became a Baroque-era courtly dance. Occasionally referenced in instrumental suites.
- minuet, menuet [F], Menuett [G], menuetto [I], minuetto [I]—A graceful, courtly French dance of the Baroque and Classical period with a triple meter and a moderate tempo.It was introduced at the court of Louis XIV. In classical forms such as the symphony or chamber music, the minuet evolved into the more vigorous scherzo.
- prelude, prélude, präludium [G], praeludium, preludio—a movement preceding another almost by way of introduction: to let listeners and players acclimate, often to prepare for greater demands ahead
- Rigaudon, Rigadoon—Lively duple-meter dance derived from a 17th French folk and courtly dance that made its way into Baroque instrumental suites along with the Bourrée, etc.
- Tombeau [F]—a musical 'tombstone' (tombeau = tomb). A musical homage, perhaps an elegy. Chiefly associated with French Baroque era music for lute or clavecin, it was resurrected in the 20th century in a neoclassical context.
- transcription, transcribe—To re-score a work for an ensemble of instruments different from the original version. Typical examples include orchestrating piano or chamber works and visa versa. Within the realm of chamber music, a work for winds might be transcribed for strings, a symphony into a string quartet, a trio featuring a clarinet substituting a viola. One interesting question is: who made the transcription, the original composer? One interesting effect is that the transcription may become favored over the original. One of the most curious transcriptions in all of chamber music is Schoenberg's "Verklärte Nacht", transcribed from string sextet to piano trio with amazing success by one of his students.