Composed in 1720, when Bach was around 35 years old 20 minutes (approximately)
allemande, allemanda, allemand, almain, almaine, alman—a moderately slow, serious dance (German) usually in duple meter and binary form. Often the first movement of suite. From the French word for "German."
bourrée [F], borea [I]—A French dance in quick double time typically beginning on an upbeat
chamber music, Kammermusik [G], Musique de chambre [F], Musica da camera [I]—"Classical Music" for a small ensemble, generally 8 or fewer players with a canonical emphasis on 3-6 players
partita [I], parthia, partie—originally, an instrumental piece as well as, more specifically, a variation. Eventually, a synonym for suite.
sarabande, saraband, sarabanda—A Spanish Renaissance / Baroque dance in triple meter. In France and Germany, it tended to be slow and stately.
solo—a piece or section of a piece featuring a single instrumental part. Often, this implies one instrument alone but may indicate a soloist with accompaniment (e.g. continuo) especially in a section within a larger work for ensemble
suite—a set of instrumental pieces (movements) played together to create a larger whole. Suites tend towards collections of dances, frequently in the same key, preceded by a prelude, introduction or overture.
with thinking heart and feeling mind, I'll embody your muse, thy soul divine