|Paul Schoenfield (1947- )
Trio(for clarinet, violin and piano)
Composed in 1986, when Schoenfield was around 39 years old
20 minutes (approximately)
- Freylekhs (also Bulgar, bulgarish — literally Bulgarian, volekhl/vulekhl — literally Wallachian, or Romanian) —a (3+3+2 = 8)/8 circle dance, usually in the Ahava Rabboh melodic mode. Typically piano, accordion, or bass plays a duple oom-pah beat. These are by far the most popular klezmer dances. The name Bulgar (Yiddish bulgarish) comes from the Romanian traditional song/dance (Romanian bulgarească). Freylekh is the Yiddish word for festive. wiki
- Klezmer—(Yiddish כליזמר or <קלעזמע, from Hebrew כלי זמר — instruments of music) - a musical tradition of the Ashkenazic Jews of Eastern Europe. Played by professional musicians called klezmorim, the genre originally consisted largely of dance tunes and instrumental display pieces for weddings and other celebrations. In the United States the genre morphed considerably as Yiddish-speaking Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe, who arrived between 1880 and 1924 met and assimilated American jazz. Compared to most other European folk music styles, very little is known about the history of klezmer music. wiki
- Kozatzke—a Russian Cossack dance often adopted by Jews at wedding celebrations and associated with Klezmer music.
- marcia [I], alla marcia, marche [F], Marsch [G], march [E], marciale, marziale—march, in the manner of a march, e.g. duple meter at a moderate but deliberate pace in a manner which may be proud, grand, like a parade or a show of military bravado.
- Nigun, Niggun—(Hebrew: ניגון meaning tune or melody, pl. nigunim), niggun (pl. niggunim) - a form of Jewish religious song or tune sung by groups. It is vocal music, often with repetitive sounds instead of formal lyrics. Sometimes, Bible verses or quotes from other classical Jewish texts are sung repetitively to form a nigun. Some nigunim are sung as prayers of lament, while others may be joyous or victorious. Nigunim are largely improvisations, though they could be based on thematic passage and are stylized in form, reflecting the teachings and charisma of the spiritual leadership of the congregation or its religious movement. Nigunim are especially central to worship in Hasidic Judaism, which evolved its own structured, soulful forms to reflect the mystical joy of intense prayer. wiki.