Carl Reinecke

Carl Reinecke (1824-1910)

Nationality: German
Born: June 23, 1824, Altona Died: March 10, 1910, Leipzig (age 85)

String Trio in c minor, Op. 249

(for violin, viola and cello)
8:05 I. Allegro moderato
9:08 II. Andante
2:31 III. Intermezzo. Vivace ma non troppo
IV. Adagio, ma non troppo lento - Allegro un poco maestoso
Duration: 29 minutes (approximately)
Composed: c. 1898-1899 (age 73-75)
Published: 1901 (age 76-77)
1 recordings, 5 videos
autoopen autoplay
8:05
New Wuppertaler String Trio
I. Allegro moderato
9:08
New Wuppertaler String Trio
II. Andante
2:31
New Wuppertaler String Trio
III. Intermezzo. Vivace ma non troppo
2:39
New Wuppertaler String Trio
IV. Adagio, ma non troppo lento - Allegro un poco maestoso (part 1 of 2)
6:17
New Wuppertaler String Trio
IV. Adagio, ma non troppo lento - Allegro un poco maestoso (part 2 of 2)
From Edition Silvertrust

Carl Reinecke At the age of 74, Carl Reinecke (1824-1910) wrote what is arguably the greatest late romantic string trio.

Nowadays, Reinecke has been all but forgotten, an unjust fate for a man who excelled in virtually every musical field with which he was involved. As a performer, Reinecke was, during the mid-19th century, reckoned for three decades as one of the finest concert pianists before the public. As a composer, he produced widely respected and often performed works in every genre running the gamut from opera, to orchestral to chamber music. As a conductor, he helped turn the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra into a group with few if any peers. As its director, he helped the Leipzig Conservatory become what was widely regarded as the finest in the world. As a teacher of composition and of piano, he was considered to have few if any equals. Among his many students were Grieg, Bruch, Janacek, Albeniz, Sinding, Svendsen, Reznicek, Delius, Arthur Sullivan, George Chadwick, Ethel Smyth, Felix Weingartner, Karl Muck and Hugo Riemann. In his time, Reinecke and his music were unquestionably regarded as first rate.

Reinecke was born near Hamburg in the town of Altona, then in the possession of Denmark. Most of his musical training was obtained from his father, who was a widely respected teacher and author. Starting in 1845 at the age 21, he began concertizing across Europe, in the course of which he was appointed court pianist to the King of Denmark. Mendelssohn, Schumann and Liszt all were favorably impressed by him and helped him gain an appointment at the Cologne Conservatory. By 1860, Reinecke’s reputation was such that he obtained a teaching position at the prestigious Leipzig Conservatory, which had been founded by Mendelssohn, and eventually rose to become its director. His reputation and excellence as a teacher can be attested to by the aforementioned list of famous students.

Unlike many of his contemporaries, or even some of those composers who were younger such as Bruch, Reinecke was able to move beyond the music of Mendelssohn and Schumann, the musical idols of the mid 19 Century. String Trio in c minor, Op. 249 is infused with the developments of late, and even Post-Brahmsian, romanticism. The writing is very contrapuntal and original. The dark and brooding opening Allegro moderato is painted on a large canvas. It shows a wide range of emotion and richness of tonality, Reinecke easily and often makes the three voices sound like four. The Andante which follows is a theme and set of variations. It is more intimate and trio-like than the preceding movement, beginning with a naive, quiet melody with an energetic, dance-like fourth variation. The very brief third movement, Intermezzo, Vivace ma non troppo, is a heavily syncopated scherzo with an interestingly contrasting middle section which illustrates Reinecke employing the new directions of Post-Brahmsian tonality. The big finale, Adagio, ma non troppo lento — Allegro un poco maestoso, begins as a lyrical and highly romantic lied. It has a valdictory quality to it. The thematic material of the Allegro is brighter but still densely scored, once again creating a wealth of sound which belies the fact that only a trio is playing.

This is a superb masterpiece which should be on the music stands of every string trio group, whether amateur or professional.

© Edition Silvertrust. Used by permission. All rights reserved.


Related Composers

Julius Röntgen (1855-1932)
Student
Nationality: German | Dutch
Born: May 9, 1855, Leipzig Died: September 13, 1932, Bilthoven (age 77)
Johan Svendsen (1840-1911)
Student
Nationality: Norwegian
Born: September 30, 1840, Christiania (Oslo) Died: June 14, 1911, Copenhagen (age 70)
Frederick Delius (1862-1934)
Student
Nationality: English
Born: January 29, 1862, Bradford Died: June 10, 1934, Grez-sur-Loing, France (age 72)
Robert Schumann (1810-1856)
Teacher
Nationality: German
Born: June 8, 1810, Zwickau, Saxony Died: July 29, 1856, Endenich, near Bonn (age 46)
Edvard Grieg (1843-1907)
Student
Nationality: Norwegian
Born: January 15, 1843, Bergen Died: September 4, 1907, Bergen (age 64)
Martin Wegelius (1846-1906)
Student
Nationality: Finnish
Born: November 10, 1846, Helsinki Died: March 22, 1906, Helsinki (age 59)
Robert Kajanus (1856-1933)
Student
Nationality: Finnish
Born: December 2, 1856, Helsinki Died: July 6, 1933, Helsinki (age 76)
Charles Stanford (1852-1924)
Student
Nationality: Irish | English
Born: September 30, 1852, Dublin Died: March 29, 1924, London (age 71)
Ethel Smyth (1858-1944)
Student
Nationality: English
Born: April 23, 1858, London Died: May 8, 1944, Woking (age 86)
Max Bruch (1838-1920)
Student
Nationality: German
Born: January 6, 1838, Cologne Died: October 2, 1920, Berlin (age 82)
Leoš Janáček (1854-1928)
Student
Nationality: Czech
Born: July 3, 1854, Hukvaldy, Moravia Died: August 12, 1928, Moravská Ostrava (age 74)
Christian Sinding (1856-1941)
Student
Nationality: Norwegian
Born: January 11, 1856, Kongsberg Died: December 3, 1941, Oslo (age 85)
Johan Svendsen (1840-1911)
Student
Nationality: Norwegian
Born: September 30, 1840, Christiania (Oslo) Died: June 14, 1911, Copenhagen (age 70)
George Chadwick (1854-1931)
Student
Nationality: American
Born: November 13, 1854, Lowell, MA Died: April 4, 1931, Boston, MA (age 76)
Emil von Reznicek (1860-1945)
Student
Nationality: Austrian
Born: May 4, 1860, Vienna Died: August 2, 1945, Berlin (age 85)
Felix Weingartner (1863-1942)
Student
Nationality: Austrian
Born: June 2, 1863, Zara, Dalmatia Died: May 7, 1942, Winterthur (age 78)