César Franck

César Franck (1822-1890)

Nationality: French | Belgian
Born: December 10, 1822, Liège Died: November 8, 1890, Paris (age 67)

String Quartet in D major, M. 9

(for 2 violins, viola and cello)
15:33 I. Poco lento - Allegro
5:13 II. Scherzo. Vivace
10:29 III. Larghetto
13:43 IV. Final. Allegro molto
Duration: 45 minutes (approximately)
Composed: 1889-1890 (age 66-68)
Premiere: April 19, 1890
Published: 1892
Dedication: Léon Reynier
8 recordings, 32 videos
autoopen autoplay
17:22
Pro Arte Quartet
I. Poco lento - Allegro
4:46
Pro Arte Quartet
II. Scherzo. Vivace
12:04
Pro Arte Quartet
III. Larghetto
13:38
Pro Arte Quartet
IV. Final. Allegro molto
13:46
Petersen Quartet
I. Poco lento - Allegro
4:30
Petersen Quartet
II. Scherzo. Vivace
9:53
Petersen Quartet
III. Larghetto
12:28
Petersen Quartet
IV. Final. Allegro molto
13:47
Fine Arts Quartet
I. Poco lento - Allegro
5:28
Fine Arts Quartet
II. Scherzo. Vivace
10:19
Fine Arts Quartet
III. Larghetto
14:03
Fine Arts Quartet
IV. Final. Allegro molto
15:39
Juilliard String Quartet
I. Poco lento - Allegro
5:16
Juilliard String Quartet
II. Scherzo. Vivace
10:21
Juilliard String Quartet
III. Larghetto
13:45
Juilliard String Quartet
IV. Final. Allegro molto
17:23
Vilnius String Quartet
I. Poco lento - Allegro
5:28
Vilnius String Quartet
II. Scherzo. Vivace
11:07
Vilnius String Quartet
III. Larghetto
15:14
Vilnius String Quartet
IV. Final. Allegro molto
15:04
Raphael Quartet
I. Poco lento - Allegro
5:26
Raphael Quartet
II. Scherzo. Vivace
10:18
Raphael Quartet
III. Larghetto
13:39
Raphael Quartet
IV. Final. Allegro molto
15:50
Quatuor Joachim
I. Poco lento - Allegro
5:15
Quatuor Joachim
II. Scherzo. Vivace
10:06
Quatuor Joachim
III. Larghetto
13:20
Quatuor Joachim
IV. Final. Allegro molto
15:31
Gewandhaus Quartet
I. Poco lento - Allegro
5:09
Gewandhaus Quartet
II. Scherzo. Vivace
10:06
Gewandhaus Quartet
III. Larghetto
13:18
Gewandhaus Quartet
IV. Final. Allegro molto
From Edition Silvertrust

César Franck Writing about César Franck's String Quartet in D Major in his Handbook for String Quartet Players, the well-known chamber music expert Wilhelm Altmann has this to say about the work:

"César Franck, who even in the last years of his life was searching for new ways of expression, in the last year of his life (1890) composed a string quartet in which he indeed found many new noteworthy things. It is quite clear from the thematic material and the working out that this quartet shares common ground with Beethoven who also sought new paths and an ever expanding horizon. The Quartet begins with a long Poco lento introduction in which the four bar main theme is set forth in solemn, mysterious fashion and eventually leads to an Allegro in which we not only encounter the main theme but a charming second theme both of which are juxtaposed throughout the movement. A quite original, ghostly sounding Scherzo, which is played muted, comes next. In some respects the music recalls both Berlioz and Schumann. A broad, noble melody serves as the main theme of the third movement, Larghetto, which again, in some ways recalls Schumann, in particular his third quartet. In the big Finale, the composer immediately recalls the themes of the previous movements, much as Beethoven did in his 9th Symphony. The movement is very well put together in this respect, however, new ideas are also brought to the forefront. The conclusion brings to mind the technique Schumann used in his first quartet wherein the sweet theme is interrupted by explosions of passion."

Wilhelm Altmann writing in his Handbook for String Quartet Players.

César Franck (1822-1890), even today, is remembered not only as the father of modern French music, but also for his Symphony in d minor. His chamber music, unfortunately, has in modern times been unjustly shoved to the side and forgotten. Franck was, during his lifetime also known as one of the best organists in the world. He was also a piano virtuoso and in later life as a professor at the Paris Conservatory became an important teacher. Among his many students were Vincent d'Indy and Ernest Chausson.

The time was, certainly up until the 1950's, that this work was in the standard repertoire and could be heard outside of France and Belgium with some regularity. Not now. A pity because as Altmann writes it is quite original sounding, dramatic, highly powerful and without doubt quite captivating.

© Edition Silvertrust. Used by permission. All rights reserved.


Related Composers

Charles Gounod (1818-1893)
Teacher
Nationality: French
Born: June 17, 1818, Paris Died: October 18, 1893, Saint-Cloud (age 75)
Henri-Jean Rigel (1770-1852)
Teacher
Nationality: French
Born: May 15, 1770, Paris Died: December 16, 1852, Abbeville (age 82)
Anton Reicha (1770-1836)
Teacher
Nationality: Czech | French
Born: February 26, 1770, Prague Died: May 28, 1836, Paris (age 66)
Ernest Chausson (1855-1899)
Student
Nationality: French
Born: January 20, 1855, Paris Died: June 10, 1899, Limay (age 44)
Vincent d'Indy (1851-1931)
Student
Nationality: French
Born: March 27, 1851, Paris Died: December 2, 1931, Paris (age 80)
Guillaume Lekeu (1870-1894)
Student
Nationality: Belgian
Born: January 20, 1870, Heusy Died: January 21, 1894, Angers (age 24)
Louis Vierne (1870-1937)
Student
Nationality: French
Born: October 8, 1870, Poitiers Died: June 2, 1937, Paris (age 66)
Guy Ropartz (1864-1955)
Student
Nationality: French
Born: June 15, 1864, Guingamp, Côtes du Nord Died: November 22, 1955, Lanloup, Côtes du Nord (age 91)
Gabriel Pierné (1863-1937)
Student
Nationality: French
Born: August 16, 1863, Metz Died: July 17, 1937, Ploujean, Finistère (age 73)
Charles Tournemire (1870-1939)
Student
Nationality: French
Born: January 22, 1870, Bordeaux Died: November 3, 1939, Arcachon (age 69)
Sylvio Lazzari (1857-1944)
Student
Nationality: French | Austrian | Italian
Born: December 30, 1857, Bozen Died: June 10, 1944, Suresnes (age 86)
Maurice Emmanuel (1862-1938)
Student
Nationality: French
Born: May 2, 1862, Bar-sur-Aube Died: December 14, 1938, Paris (age 76)
Marie Jaëll (1846-1925)
Student
Nationality: French
Born: August 17, 1846, Steinseltz, near Wissembourg, Alsace Died: February 4, 1925, Paris (age 78)
Henri Duparc (1848-1933)
Student
Nationality: French
Born: January 21, 1848, Paris Died: February 12, 1933, Mont-de-Marsan (age 85)