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All Listed Works Edition Silvertrust
Franz Krommer

Franz Krommer (1759-1831)

Nationality: Czech | Moravian
Born: November 27, 1759, Kamenice u Třebíče Died: January 8, 1831, Vienna (age 71)

String Quintet in C major, Op. 107, No. 1

(for 2 violins, 2 violas and cello)
I. Allegro con spirituoso
II. Andante moderato
III. Menuetto - Trio
IV. Allegro
Published: c. 1825 (age 65-66)
Dedication: Prince Moritz (Maurice) von Dietrichstein
From Edition Silvertrust

Franz Krommer By 1806, at which time Haydn was no longer composing, Mozart having been dead for 15 years, Franz Krommer was regarded as the leading Classical Era composer, not only in Vienna and Germany, but throughout Europe as evidenced by what an influential contemporary musical reference source wrote:

“Franz Krommer of Vienna is not only an outstandingly good violinist but also one of the best loved composers as witnessed by the number of copies of his works which have been printed and gone through several editions. Mr Krommer boasts such a wealth of original ideas, wit, fire, novel harmonic turns that he will easily attract and capture the attention of quartet lovers now that Haydn’s name is no longer to be found in the list of new published works.”

String Quintet No.27 in C Major is the first of what was a very popular set of three finished in 1825. The set was dedicated to Prince Moritz (Maurice) von Dietrichstein, remembered as being the tutor of Napoleon's son, but was also an avid music lover who served as Director of the Imperial Theater and Music Library. The marking to the first movement, Allegro con spirituoso, begins with a fetching melody introduced by the first viola and then taken up and developed by the first violin. Much excitement follows with the occasional doff of the cap to Mozart. Next comes a bright Andante moderato, which is more in the nature of an allegretto. The third movement is an energetic Menuetto with contrasting trio. The lively finale, Allegro, tops off what is a very appealing work.

Franz Krommer (1759-1831) was born in town of Kamnitz then part of the Habsburg Austrian Empire (today Kamenice in the Czech Republic) It had a mixed population of Germans and Czechs and though baptized František Vincenc Kramář by the time he was 15, Krommer began using the Germanized version of his name for the rest of his life, the name by which he became known to the world. Krommer was one of the most successful composers in Vienna at the turn of the 18th Century. His reputation was attested to by the fact that his works were frequently republished throughout Germany, England, France, Italy, Scandinavia and even the United States. According to several contemporary sources he was regarded with Haydn as the leading composer of string quartets and as a serious rival of Beethoven. Krommer was a violinist of considerable ability who came to Vienna around 1785. For the following 10 years he held appointments at various aristocratic courts in Hungary. He returned to Vienna in 1795 where he remained until his death, holding various positions including that of Court Composer (Hofmusiker) to the Emperor, Franz I, an enthusiastic quartet player. He was the last composer to hold this august title and one of his duties was accompanying the Emperor on his various campaigns so that he could relax in the evenings playing quartets. There are more than 300 compositions which were at one time or another published, much of which is chamber music. He wrote more than 70 string quartets, 35 quintets, perhaps as many as 15 string trios, but also several works for winds and strings.

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