Josef Suk

Josef Suk (1874-1935)

Nationality: Czech
Born: January 4, 1874, Křečovice Died: May 29, 1935, Benešov (age 61)

Piano Trio in c minor, Op. 2

(for violin, cello and piano)
6:26 I. Allegro
4:09 II. Andante
5:18 III. Vivace
Duration: 15 minutes (approximately)
Composed: 1889 (age 14-15)
Revised: 1891 (age 16-17)
Dedication: Karel Stecker
2 recordings, 4 videos
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Ostrave Trio
Berlin Philharmonic Piano Trio
I. Allegro
Berlin Philharmonic Piano Trio
II. Andante
Berlin Philharmonic Piano Trio
III. Vivace
From Edition Silvertrust

Josef SukJosef Suk (1874-1935) was born in Krecovice in southern Bohemia, then part of Austria. He studied piano, violin and organ with his father who served as village choirmaster. His exceptional talent led to his being enrolled at the Prague Conservatory in 1885 at the age of 11 where he first studied violin. Eventually, he became a composition student of Antonín Dvořák. He graduated in 1891, and kept up a friendship with Dvořák, whose daughter he married in 1898.

He formed what became the world famous Bohemian Quartet with three of his fellow students. Suk played second violin with the Quartet for most of his life. From 1922, he taught at the Prague Conservatory. Among his many students were the composer Bohuslav Martinů and the pianist Rudolf Firkusny. Suk served as the Conservatory's director after 1924, on and off, until the end of his life.

The Op. 2 Piano Trio was composed while Suk was studying at the Prague Conservatory. He completed the first draft in February of 1889. It was the result of chamber music evenings at which Suk played piano trios with friends. It gave him the impetus to try his hand at writing one himself. During the course of the following two years, the trio was to undergo many changes. Originally, it had four movements, rather than the three it took it in its final form. The third movement was a short scherzo. The metamorphosis began when Suk showed the trio to his composition teacher Karel Stecker, who immediately recognized that, even in its rough form, the trio was a fine work. After Suk made the changes Strecker had suggested, the trio was publicly performed for the first time in January of 1891 at a concert at the Conservatory. As a result of this performance, Suk was recommended for a place in Dvořák's composition master class.

Suk eventually showed the trio to Dvorak who made further recommendations, including the removal of the short scherzo. Thus by the end of 1891, the Op.2 achieved its final form. The main theme to the opening Allegro is expressed by a powerful series of piano chords against a striving melody in the strings. The slower, second theme, introduced by the cello, is more lyrical. The second movement is a striking, Andante. It is a relaxed and elegant folk dance. The lovely second subject is extremely romantic. The main theme to the finale, Vivace, is a highly original and heavily syncopated dance. Its forward energy has a bright and brilliant second part, while the second theme is an optimistic march.

© Edition Silvertrust. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Related Composers

1900 WWI WWII Antonín Dvořák (1841-1904) Josef Bohuslav Foerster (1859-1951) Karel Stecker (1861-1918) Josef Suk (1874-1935) Bohuslav Martinů (1890-1959)
Josef Bohuslav Foerster (1859-1951)
Nationality: Czech | Bohemian
Born: December 30, 1859, Prague Died: May 29, 1951, Vestec (age 91)
Antonín Dvořák (1841-1904)
teacher, father-in-law
Nationality: Czech | Bohemian
Born: September 8, 1841, Nelahozeves, Bohema Died: May 1, 1904, Prague (age 62)
Bohuslav Martinů (1890-1959)
Nationality: Czech | Bohemian
Born: December 8, 1890, Polička, Bohemia Died: August 28, 1959, Liestal, Switzerland (age 68)
Karel Stecker (1861-1918)
Nationality: Czech
Born: January 22, 1861, Kosmonosy Died: March 13, 1918, Mladá Boleslav (age 57)