Mykola Lysenko

Mykola Lysenko (1842-1912)

Nationality: Ukrainian
Born: March 22, 1842, Hrynky Died: November 6, 1912, Kiev (age 70)

String Quartet in d minor

(for 2 violins, viola and cello)
9:42 I. Allegro non tanto
6:05 II. Adagio cantabile
3:20 III. Minuetto. Allegretto scherzando
Duration: 20 minutes (approximately)
Composed: 1869 (age 26-27)
1 recording, 3 videos
autoopen autoplay
Lysenko String Quartet
I. Allegro non tanto
Lysenko String Quartet
II. Adagio cantabile
Lysenko String Quartet
III. Minuetto. Allegretto scherzando
From Edition Silvertrust

Mykola Lysenko Mykola Lysenko (1842-1912) (sometimes transliterated as Nikolai or Nicolai Lysenko or Lissenko) is considered the father of Ukrainian chamber music much the way that Glinka is for the Russians. He was the first Ukrainian composer to write chamber music. In 1904, he founded the first music conservatory in the Ukraine in Kiev, which today bears his name. Lysenko was born in the Poltava district of the Ukraine. He first studied piano with his mother, then formally with teachers in Kiev. After taking a degree in the natural sciences at the University of Kiev, he attended the world famous Leipzig Conservatory where he studied composition with Carl Reinecke.

An admirer of the Ukrainian poet Shevchenko, Lysenko became a nationalist for the Ukrainian cause as a student. He remained one for his entire life and was imprisoned for the cause as late as 1907 after composing a song in support of the Revolution of 1905. The bulk of Lysenko's music is for piano or for voice in one form or another such as opera, hymns, or chorales. His piano music often shows the influence of Chopin whereas his vocal music is almost always based on Ukrainian folk music such as his opera Taras Bulba. Lysenko spent considerable time trying to demonstrate the differences between Ukrainian and Russian folk melody. The only chamber music he is known to have composed is this string quartet and a string trio.

The quartet dates from 1868 when Lysenko was finishing his studies with Reinecke in Leipzig. The big, opening movement, Allegro non tanto, begins in a rather dramatic, somewhat operatic fashion. The themes bear some resemblance to those of Glinka's opera Ruslan and Ludmilla. Despite the movement's length, the drama and forward motion are almost never relaxed. The simple but charming melody of the following Adagio is in the form of a chorale. The manuscript only has three movements and it is not known whether there was a fourth movement or whether the third movement was meant as the finale. It is an engaging Minuetto, allegretto scherzando.

A collected edition of Lysenko's works, including this quartet, was published in 70 volumes between 1950 and 1959, however, a performance edition of the parts and score were never separately published. Our World Premiere Edition has been carefully edited and corrected by Loren Silvertrust from a copy of the original manuscript located in Kiev, Ukraine. Like all of our works, it is printed on top grade paper with an ornate cover and biographical information about the composer.

© Edition Silvertrust. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Related Composers

1900 Mikhail Glinka (1804-1857) Ernst Friedrich Richter (1808-1879) Carl Reinecke (1824-1910) Mykola Lysenko (1842-1912) Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908)
Ernst Friedrich Richter (1808-1879)
Nationality: German
Born: October 24, 1808, Grossschönau Died: April 9, 1879, Leipzig (age 70)
Carl Reinecke (1824-1910)
Nationality: German
Born: June 23, 1824, Altona Died: March 10, 1910, Leipzig (age 85)
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908)
Nationality: Russian
Born: March 18, 1844, Tikhvin Died: June 21, 1908, Lyubensk (age 64)