Tan Dun

Tan Dun (born 1957)

Nationality: Chinese | American
Born: August 18, 1957, Changsha (age 64)

Eight Colors for String Quartet

(for 2 violins, viola and cello)
2:14 I. Peking Opera
1:06 II. Shadows
2:08 III. Pink Actress
1:43 IV. Black Dance
3:53 V. Zen
0:55 VI. Drum and Gong
2:23 VII. Cloudiness
1:22 VIII. Red Sona
Duration: 16 minutes (approximately)
Composed: 1986 (age 28-29)
Premiere: June 13, 1988. Wellington, New Zealand. New Zealand String Quartet
1 recording, 8 videos
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Arditti String Quartet
I. Peking Opera
Arditti String Quartet
II. Shadows
Arditti String Quartet
III. Pink Actress
Arditti String Quartet
IV. Black Dance
Arditti String Quartet
V. Zen
Arditti String Quartet
VI. Drum and Gong
Arditti String Quartet
VII. Cloudiness
Arditti String Quartet
VIII. Red Sona
From Tan Dun

Eight Colors for String Quartet was the first piece I wrote after coming to New York in 1986, It shares the dark, ritualized singing, very dramatic form, and attention to tone color and dynamic with my pieces written in China, such as On Taoism (for orchestra, voice, bass clarinet and contrabassoon), but still is very different from them. This string quartet (together with In Distance and Silk Road) marks the period of my first contact with the concentrated, lyrical language of western atonality. From it, I learned how to handle repetition, but otherwise responded in my own way, out of my own culture, not following the Second Vienna School. I drew on Chinese colors, on the techniques of Peking Opera – familiar to me since childhood. The work consists of eight very short sections, almost like a set of brush paintings, through which materials are shared and developed. The subjects are described by the eight interrelated titles, and form a drama, a kind of ritual performance structure. Not only timbre, but the actual string techniques are developed from Peking Opera; the vocalization of Opera actresses, and Buddhist chanting can be heard. Although a shadow of atonal pitch organization remains in some sections of this piece, I began to find a way to mingle old materials from my culture with the new, to contribute something to the western idea of atonality, and to refresh it. I found a danger in later atonal writing to be that it is too easy to leave yourself out of the music. I wanted to find ways to remain open to my culture, and open to myself.

© Tan Dun. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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